62020Dec

use of statistics in pharmacy pdf

0000006186 00000 n 0000021497 00000 n 0000011505 00000 n s)�����k���k��!k�1�a�܄�H�a��1��5����dEw�>T�\3�܇��\zr�.Q���+�--Т�lY�ӝS�PU�����y��U\ �Lj����שuzN���H�|��>�?,���+�Y��r�A� �,vB�_Z���m�p�y�g�£�ɷC��:� �j ��&��8u� B�T��6BWYԴ]���E� ���4�ݜ�ߜ�J�]��\�u��ȒAYEPF�� "M��K��3�eΠ��4�X����4C�N�j͍��NUH��S�~��\�%y|�8Y�i����~�. Relative risk reduction: 0.71 = 71% Relative risk: (Event rate in rivaroxaban group)/(Event rate in enoxaparin group) = (17/1513)/(57/1473) = 0.2903 Relative risk reduction: 1 – (relative risk) = 1 – 0.2903 = 0.7097 = 0.71 Reference: I. Barratt A, Wyer PC, Hatala R, et al. 0000007229 00000 n ... have the correct information to use the medication safely and effectively. This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods reviews the use of whole genome association studies to quantify the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and human disease, and the importance of using the information to identify the actual effector transcripts responsible for … We will publish a series of articles looking at whether new technologies are freeing up time and improving safety, or whether they are blocking the human interaction essential for good patient care. 0000017130 00000 n endstream endobj 37 0 obj<> endobj 38 0 obj<> endobj 39 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 40 0 obj<> endobj 41 0 obj<>stream 0000012838 00000 n At the heart of the use of statistics in medicine is the seemingly insurmountable problem that everybody is …show more content… 4.45 to 2.2 points in the control group (P < 0.001)]. startxref 0000014766 00000 n 0000016784 00000 n 0000013932 00000 n 0000008356 00000 n Since the Amendments, 0000011659 00000 n Statistics and facts on health and pharmaceuticals Health is a term that describes a person’s mental and physical condition. 0000020441 00000 n The science of statistics relies on analysis, which encompasses data gathering, organizing, filtering, visualizing and summarizing. 0000095418 00000 n Digital pharmacy. 0000021717 00000 n x�b```���/��(�����q��A`a��r�tr�f� �m�Xx��\�F�CV Uo��]����i$Ob�T��g���a?��r�;�y��+�����V ��54�d66�1��� 0000008886 00000 n 0000013873 00000 n �s�%츱�T��Q�@�4~� !��l��8v��ϰ>2+U� �מl駧X27)�$���VS�希w*|�Z����K�G�f�Y#j� J�Z��QM���u-�i���[�n���D�O����P� 0000007894 00000 n 0000095344 00000 n %%EOF �Xa�0�T0�*LuB-��A�,Y�dwEvJ?j���;�NJ��+NSU�qѼ?Ցg�e�S{sP������4,�����z��Pc����'�]�2A5��C4DPg M�-�9�������_�lkҷ��Ps ��|�r��EK�_���%��t'�+�j���HS���Ȉ+�iz1�����`L�����^�Ng�h������� a�� 0000026895 00000 n xref 0000007078 00000 n 0000006543 00000 n 0000016790 00000 n 0000014587 00000 n The use of statistics in medicine may be in interpreting trials of various sorts (observational, randomised controlled trials, meta analyses of randomised controlled trials) and talks about levels of evidence based on this. 0000020708 00000 n 0000008990 00000 n Introduction to Statistics in Pharmaceutical Clinical Trials is an introductory statistics textbook intended to teach basic statistical concepts to students in pharmacy, allied health professions, and clinical research. �}sw�{E���A���2��UdW;eo�a��n����HGWi%����H��OR-z���o���x9�bQˌ)rW�ODx@�� ?�yf1�y�gp s��h}N�#>~*�q���Sy��"7?D#x��R�M Categorical data (nominal classes) represents discrete groups with names; such as red or blue; experimental or control; or statin A, B or C, as in the case study (see ‘Box 1: Case study’). 0000019770 00000 n 0000010874 00000 n 0000007694 00000 n 2 • Statistics and its application • Variables and Attributes • Classification and tabulation of data • Populations and samples • Frequency distributions • Graphical presentation of data • Describing and summarizing data: statistical averages & measures of disp 0000017292 00000 n Request PDF | Statistics in the Pharmacy Literature | Research in statistical methods is essential for maintenance of high quality of the published literature. 0000004839 00000 n 0000005638 00000 n 0000016239 00000 n Do not administer any dose of mentioned drugs in this book without consulting your physician. Pharmacy is a fast-growing career field. 0000021845 00000 n When thinking about the use of statistics in clin-ical trials, the first thing that comes to mind for many people is the process of hypothesis testing and the associated use of p values. Statistics involves making decisions, and in the business world, you often have to make a quick decision then and there.Using statistics, you can plan the production according to what the customer likes and wants, and you can check the qual… 0000017499 00000 n 0000019110 00000 n The top 3 most similar occupations to Pharmacists by wage are Computer network architects, Electrical & electronics engineers, and Information security analysts. In this data-driven age, studying statistics at A-level or beyond opens up a wide range of career options. ��*�k�/(� �*�E'' ��'�����:O�ޜ1|0f�н� 0000013501 00000 n 0000015334 00000 n 0000007153 00000 n 0000026113 00000 n 65 0 obj<>stream 0000006837 00000 n 0000020050 00000 n In this article two pharmacists who have passed the BCPS exam and have significant research experience provide a BCPS statistics review for pharmacists. 0000006126 00000 n 0000095467 00000 n 0000006301 00000 n This 100% online course explores basic statistics and pharmaceutical applications in the industry. 0000016119 00000 n 0000012545 00000 n Throughout July, The Pharmaceutical Journal will analyse the drive to use digital technology in pharmacy. (212) 419-8286 0000018427 00000 n Pharmacists are most often employed by the Pharmacies & drug stores industry. 0000095540 00000 n 0000015275 00000 n 0000009884 00000 n In the first place, you’ll certainly want a rounded definition of polypharmacy. 0000014420 00000 n 36 0 obj <> endobj 0000020463 00000 n 0000003130 00000 n 0000006431 00000 n 0000013991 00000 n You can see this by paying attention to television advertisements. 0 0000007443 00000 n �B�F\H��� ��D�&��!k'6�x�=/DG�(2=��4�o�ڰ���$Ɖ�� g����@��u����{�Xb5�j���+V�#A�� Ώ�K�_? 0000013034 00000 n It contains chapters on basic concepts such as types of data, graphical representation of data, distribution and standard deviation. {+PTh�LS���U�Ek�-&��g��]���w�4iiԓE�c���y�~s�d��˃���Z�1�O��1�v��6��&���Q�pl�0U���o_�{��@Y`�z��g�/�����@U��i����B��>f��h�%6��˲G��e�dy{�w���W��q�1��Dv�}�����u'8��O�Tq��+Зӯ�/o�Fq��v��%l�ΐ^�s�r�t�ZMu2+s�`n���\��{wl�d�$�|�C�#�U���=��Ɲ��f*$�׀ȋ7yETN/�������TQ %�[y Y#� 0000009245 00000 n 220 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 226 /H [ 3708 1154 ] /L 435014 /E 189827 /N 20 /T 430495 >> endobj xref 220 138 0000000016 00000 n ��1ӑ� 0000016359 00000 n 0000008946 00000 n 0000012378 00000 n 0000005902 00000 n 0000011108 00000 n Authored By: Timothy P. Gauthier, Pharm.D., BCPS-AQ ID & Tristan T. Timbrook, … 0000015031 00000 n Hx$� ��$�PA ��l�յ��� 0000013560 00000 n 0000008709 00000 n 0000015157 00000 n The curriculum focuses on the efficient and practical use of statistics in the pharmaceutical industry. Application of Bio Statistics in Pharmacy - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Applicants also must complete a number of hours as an intern, which varies by state. 0000016480 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n QO�����C�~�Z��5���x��Ul�vP]�I�e��4LzzB䄃�����yc��p�p���=�]��{�I{'�^��lo�x�k_��V�=�& o$�_�#��!�]B�����I�A�M��X���T���5S��l�ut(P.��P� 0000010174 00000 n 0000007503 00000 n <]>> 0000000896 00000 n 0000018048 00000 n The use of statistics to support discovery and testing of new medicines has grown exponentially since the Kefauver-Harris Amendments, which became effective in 1962. 0000007018 00000 n The author is not responsible for any kind of misinterpreted, incorrect, or misleading information or any typographical errors in this book. trailer 0000003708 00000 n 0000016527 00000 n 0000003470 00000 n 0000185544 00000 n 0000016059 00000 n This will give you the foundation necessary to understand the intricacies of … Continuous data involve information that is quantifiable, such as: weight, height, percent, blood pressure, blood ure… 0000008769 00000 n �>�ƙ+2{�ϩ���UhFQ5g'����S�ǍRU��tƌ|t*N��IA��Ar���D�����y��}d�ۭ�װ�Z�{:�c˹G��d��Q4���OiP�I'H�s1��Q��� �,��0�[吹�K�����"�y�}ԟ.1��R�IoH6��ё5o3؈Ř�*\>X��vU�z��Z��Rf. 0000009063 00000 n 0000006491 00000 n 0000007954 00000 n 0000022049 00000 n :��a�z]e>S�Cy*.fc\�B���I0\#�uǭ�E7WT��ZyYim���'M���� �^'���=x"��������f^����g4� oJ ���+�a�@�k?����ð�,T ��:�e�q�>G ��0�&�����O��܏���g0j$=h�9B��I��,�>)B8ڇa���H�Ӑ�;���M}sK� s��$|��w� If you’re a business major, you’re familiar with the role statistics plays in your field. (��t��1������m��C�ɓ�)���~�=�B_����7$���McmC�����)���z�]�-{�9�ݡ3Fhغ��Zܶo�axm/�&�� d�>>F���C�l�u����FX�׍�X�݁��1���Q���9��.Dl��^�������_���zmpH^�q�j������t��"��p��Z;r�d�'�m,.x�g�Dx���T�F�2e�Gm�}�L��H@j��n�&�9�*������4n6�P�u��Ys�sh;[�k}�V,�G��QQ�ey�;H $797��&���@DAP��*�Mש�N+�����J��s��{/I�tgg{g�_��w����}��;Xĵ|�33��~��p�R��w[.���5v� �� ek0����^��_m6�tm�a�K��� The use of statistics in medicine provides generalizations for the public to better understand their risks for certain diseases, such as links between certain behaviors and heart disease or cancer. 0000188989 00000 n H�T��n� E�|�,Su~�n$�M�HY��&�ށqj��;��}g MՅ����3�z�ٹ~�F����ـ�x ���A����|�ſZ����4�s�Z�A�����f���[�zw��!��_���� 0000012318 00000 n Banks make use of statistics for a number of purposes. 0000008247 00000 n 0000009944 00000 n a`�����X �ȋ��ك���/z[`��j���&�Յ���Z.�35ܰ[W�����- ��E���{��|� ��0[�������X����� 0000014359 00000 n 0000017613 00000 n 0000008236 00000 n 0000019708 00000 n 0000020460 00000 n �Pt 3�$B/Y���G��ަZ��#��՗�YHH�i"��yt:�=�X���fe�cg�Y�I Statistics plays an important role in banking. physician about any existing problem. ����Rn�{V�o�SwB�[��ߜ��w���߽3$��B�$��|v�� �G̟�8���ӕ�q���p�/����zB�DO:�3��d…$�Y����̐���N�)OK�MN�H�͔��}w���I�;�|W$'E'�� � KRfĽd"HBJ$1�"| �OL�"�?�\����"V�\�HNj��b.9�ZJ,��k\�]��*�5�5��D����!D 0000005246 00000 n 0000005179 00000 n 0000011950 00000 n 0000136740 00000 n 5��U��=i�r[P�=��+�;i�������f�Ӡ2���6�N$2D^���jχ]��K����I��MJҮ��x`�2�*��We����(������d�����㟛�b!�5K�̼^,v������C���P��>h�>h�R�!�i:H��u���5gP��l�|�=�Io�r�V_]Ak ��*X��)�����0Xu������-�uF�����miQ�wU5� < ��5Y�4�r֓����A�;kD�Nw����%�Ҹ唥A�yH �J�]���x4ЩѸ��|�2e3Ho)���g���7:N,�=N7���.7�y�m����h���2P(9V� There are numerous components to polypharmacy that must be understood, in order to grasp polypharmacy statistics as they are meant to be understood. 0000003519 00000 n This article presents an overview of European Union (EU) statistics related to the use of medicines, covering prescribed medicines. 0000011445 00000 n :��W�V���|w!ܵ a3���p��;���K�K���c֧�e ��'��]7٘-ZU3WTQ�+c��\��@�Ezq����ͷ��E+f�B!��-�Y��� ���D�����!\!s�Uwur�`�B� fK���x@ֈZ� �!oE��***Eq*I6�kU��G������-;�zEhO��_�O�_��>"8������V��������PDF(������j�i�r�����%E&���D���γ���F��(�z����G�/�E�-��_��sT���x"�NJbs&�&9\P�������8�Ԅj�F!LS�P�'�rtwN�dP�I�+�����H�rհԁvt����ڨ�K 0000014707 00000 n 0000016299 00000 n 0000001245 00000 n Effective use of workload and productivity monitoring tools in health-system pharmacy, part 1 Steve S. Rough, Michael McDaniel, an D Ja M e S R. Rineha R t Steve S. Rough, M.S., is Director of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison. Tips for learners of evidence-based medicine: 1. For pharmacists looking to become a board-certified pharmacotherapy specialist, it is essential to study statistics in preparation for the exam. � endstream endobj 42 0 obj<> endobj 43 0 obj<>stream One of the most important considerations is to identify the types of variables (factors) that will be seen in the research data. 0000016000 00000 n ��ѾMr�[��Ё���*�Z��1�Ε��\�Ic�B����J�b���Kw�� V4i�,Ck+����-&,���o��KCxn�M������B��?�Hm������9�o��p.y����);/���d^�=��#� m@ � More advanced, frequently used, statistical techniques such as ANOVA and the chi-squared test are also discussed using pharmaceutical examples. application and interpretation of statistics contributes to patient care in a crucial way. 0000003286 00000 n The average yearly wage for Pharmacists was $102,847 in 2016. 0000008296 00000 n 0000013342 00000 n Statistics are often presented in an effort to add credibility to an argument or advice. %PDF-1.4 %���� 36 30 0000026136 00000 n 0000006929 00000 n 0000014050 00000 n 0000008109 00000 n a��D.H������Q���E^��+���iJ�㿤RKQ])ԙK�dV��V������>�W!��raWE-l�B�>�7[�&�f�����z;l�!c1�[^p������r� 0000001637 00000 n 0000010114 00000 n 0000023039 00000 n 0000013751 00000 n (4) Banking. 0000014646 00000 n 0000008523 00000 n 0000007801 00000 n 0000019686 00000 n Real world examples will be used to illustrate statistical concepts. 0000015940 00000 n 0000011048 00000 n 0000007193 00000 n Variables can be divided into three classes: categorical, continuous and ordinal. A Joint Project of the American Pharmacists Association Academy of Pharmacy Practice and Management and Academy of Pharmaceutical Research and Science . All of the data presented in this article come from the European health interview survey which was conducted between 2013 and 2015. yD$k�=_�� 0000014869 00000 n �n��q���%�8�K8��8UuL�!�q�����/B�s��ޣ���c�F���=��c�xe��3K�P���`7�T��^D��:}��dm������q� �gą�b�[Y!��MՔ�W0�� Michael McDaniel, B.S.Pha RM., M.B.A., FASHP, is Director of 0000012485 00000 n 0000014209 00000 n 0000022420 00000 n Pharmacists who administer vaccinations and immunizations need to … ��O*K��=T[�U@�J��>60B�yl`������9r�F�n�؋6�Ь���~��������ghS���K`��Ɠ���ӹ&����ˁ�(�7�P�B}N���MQ.����f�g-d�S�Ci�W�,�uoQ'7���P%�P� huF����n����糘����.�қCH��Y�G�R��k�r���9�qc�@ ��`��`�)3�v����������q i�{�8 \m��\��C�Ň ��R�*�)Aa�Dd�Ž>y�Ms�-4�K5*2� �er��H�� �G�yJL�{X� �R 0000026200 00000 n 0000011385 00000 n Statistics allow you to work with probabilities and draw educated conclusions for informed choices. 0000015441 00000 n 0000015216 00000 n 0000005443 00000 n 0000012139 00000 n 0000011235 00000 n The Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Exam (MPJE) or a state-specific test on pharmacy law is also required. 0000022293 00000 n 0000009305 00000 n 0000018963 00000 n 0000026509 00000 n H�lU{Tg�!d-/=q38��V=*���=]�Ud�'��jC@yCD One interesting area for statisticians to work in, which we recently had the chance to find out more about, is the pharmaceutical industry. 0000009472 00000 n This is very reasonable, because the role of a chance outcome is of utmost importance in study design and the interpretation of results from a study. Just as the successful mastery of therapeutics arises from a combination of the basic and clinical sciences, knowledge of statistics should include both basic concepts and an understanding of their appropriate use and translation into practice. 0000022785 00000 n ! 0000010360 00000 n 0000019242 00000 n ~ ` b�Ml Publishes biopharmaceutical research on statistics in drug discovery and approval, clinical and toxicological studies, and detection of adverse events. Understanding polypharmacy statistics means grasping a complex concept. Pharmaceutical Statistics is a new publication on basic statistics, specifically written for pharmacy students. 0000015500 00000 n The difference between “inferential” and “descriptive” statistics is a useful starting place. This statistic depicts the global online pharmacy (e-pharmacy) market size in 2014, and gives a forecast for 2023. 0000011891 00000 n 0000010655 00000 n "4��T$�3:j�u�t0:�I��I����ԭD�2�CѭA7����k޴��BX/��w����~�(aKv)0��/�Y.�/?Ε޻�w᜽`/ >����v�����?�/y�X(�z�5��&H3�e����r�o�#=���of�&� �|/�Yy��/�Ӗ7>�l��]�t�ost��T�ձ�Lr���'�̂��2�0�|�8���\�:W�� ��O>����W�S�����(�0&�� 0000016420 00000 n ���ll|�. �ܴ `T��e��p��j1�Ć We obtained all research articles published in 2001 in 6 journals: American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, Formulary, Hospital Pharmacy, and Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association.Two independent reviewers identified and recorded descriptive and inferential statistical terms/procedures found in the … 0000010420 00000 n 0000014928 00000 n 0000006065 00000 n 1 Statistics in Pharmaceutical Sciences PHR 112 2. 0000009702 00000 n �uɵ�=�0�J�ʎV�;s��jO�;���=׎��K�A�}���� 0000015881 00000 n A large number of statistical methods like probability averages, dispersions, estimation, etc., is used in mathematics, and different techniques of pure mathematics like integration, differentiation and algebra are used in statistics. 0000012605 00000 n Many of the numbers thrown about in this way do not represent careful statistical analysis. ��*�D!E�N�$ٰ�YH���ん��H�q�w�L&�wv�©�xU�I�2��]���N����yFjdjH-�F�{�&�/�EԵ�Yɽ�WV33�l�y��9X�@_]���> 9�. 0000015725 00000 n 0000013093 00000 n A wide range of professions within the medical field use statistics, according to Wikipedia. 0000185616 00000 n 0000001325 00000 n How are new medical treatments tested? 0000001504 00000 n Try our corporate solution for free! 0000002195 00000 n

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