62020Dec

ohio native plants for wet areas

Comments:  Many people consider Joe Pye weed as a weed and it is a substantial plant which needs space. And ensure that it has some shade, especially in hot weather. Cathie Bird, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic). “Nana” dwarf fetterbush (Leucothoe fontanesiana “Nana”) -- which grows in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 8 -- is a deer-resistant, wet area … This is especially true when plants are young. There are many ornamental native plants of Ohio that make a wonderful show in the landscape. Comments: Attracts bees, butterflies, hummingbirds and birds, Frank Mayfield, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic), Blue Vervian: The tall thin spikes grow in moist soil and is good along a pond edge. for more information Learn more about native plants for wildlife in the It features showy yellow flowers in the spring before it goes dormant. The real culprit is ragweed, an inconspicuous plant that releases pollen while goldenrod is in bloom. Native to the eastern U.S., it is often found in wet areas, making it an attractive addition to a rain garden. By using The Spruce, you accept our. Water regularly and deeply, so the soil never dries out. Keep this area free of other growth by weed-whacking or hand-pulling weeds for the first couple of years. Turtlehead: The white or blush pink snapdragon-like flowers bloom in late summer. They attract butterflies, bees and other nectar-seekers. Add to a border, as an informal hedge or in a mass, to create four-season interest. Comments:  Can be found along stream banks, rivers, lakes and damp ground. Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) is a native woodland wildflower. It prefers moist, loamy soil and needs good drainage. Comments: This plant has the ability to grow and flower in dry shade. And watch out for pests, as this plant is susceptible to several insects. Essentially, the roots drown, killing the plant. In the garden, blue vervain plants attract butterflies, bumblebees and other pollinators. Andy Rogers, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic), Marsh Marigold: The yellow buttercup-like blossoms spring up from April to June in moist woodlands and boggy areas. If you’ve ever been hiking through the woods in the springtime, you might have encountered marsh marigolds covering a boggy area with their cheerful yellow blooms. They attract bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Each flower cluster typically has 5-7 florets. Goldenrod: Goldenrod is not a weed and is a great in the garden. Also attracts hummingbirds. Blue Flag Iris: Deep green foliage and striking blue-violet flowers appear in late spring to early summer. They are very hardy perennial plants that survive in a home garden with minimal care. This perennial commonly reaches around 4 or 5 feet with a 2-foot spread. They’re generally low-maintenance, though you should make sure they have some shade during the hottest months. Cut your plant close to the ground in the late winter to promote fresh growth. The … And add a layer of mulch if you need help retaining soil moisture. And promptly remove spent flowers in the spring to promote more blooming. Although very few plants grow in wet areas, you can learn which plants like wet feet. Winterberry is native to swampy parts of eastern North America. Attracts butterflies, bees, moths and hummingbirds. Keep the soil around your shrub consistently moist through watering and rainfall. Inkberry Bush (Ilex glabra 'Densa') Inkberry also is native to eastern North America, where it’s often … Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) is typically found in prairie potholes, at … The yellow trout lily, also known as yellow adder's tongue, grows naturally in wet woodlands and along streams in North America, and it thrives in shade. Garden sites can vary tremendously. Prune your shrub to shape it just after it’s done flowering. But if you contact your local horticultural society, it should be able to direct you to a seller that specializes in native plants. It blooms from July to September. The flowers attract butterflies. Unfurling in a fiddlehead shape, it gets its name from the open plumes that resemble ostrich feathers. Sweet pepperbush, also known as summersweet, grows in wet woodlands and marshes, as well as along streams and seashores. The leopard plant is a great option to grow around water features and in rain gardens. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Leopard Plant (Ligularia dentata 'Britt-Marie Crawford'). Plant them and forget about maintenance, except for deadheading to encourage more blooms or to stop re-seeding. On July 18, 2019, Ohio Governor Mike DeWine signed legislation designating the month of April as Ohio Native Plant Month. Pigsqueak is a perennial that’s primarily grown as a ground cover. USFW Midwest, Creative Commons ( 2.0 Generic), Gayfeather, or Blazing Star (Liatris spicata). Wild Bergamot: Lovely lavender flowers bloom July to September. This will reduce competition with other plants. The database includes more than 400 native plant species that are appropriate for Northeast Ohio's climate and soil. Comments:  The leaves are a preferred food source for caterpillars of both the monarch and queen butterflies. Joe Pye Weed: The plant attracts butterflies with its huge, bright mauve-pink flower clusters atop deep wine red stems. Moreover, winterberry is dioecious, meaning you need a corresponding plant of the opposite sex growing nearby for the plants to bear fruit. Here are 15 plants that grow well in wet soil. Trees for wet areas include Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana), which grows in USDA zones 5 through 8, and reaches heights of 20 to 40 feet. © 2020 Advance Local Media LLC. Our primary goal is educating the public about the benefits of planting Ohio's native plants and removing invasive plants to improve Ohio's ecosystem. Of the approximately 3,000 plant species known to occur in the wild in Ohio, about 75% are native (present before the time of substantial European settlement - around 1750). Have an area that just won't dry out? Poor root growth occurs when soil air/water balance is out of balance. Check our Native Plants List to see what we grow. Native plants are found along the edges of swamps, wet meadows or stream banks. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources provides an extensive list. This plant only reaches around 2 to 3 feet tall with a slightly smaller spread. Wet sites can be challenging, but they also provide gardening opportunities. Possible planting sites include water gardens, rain gardens, pond banks, landscape beds, and naturalized areas. The water-loving blue flag iris is native to meadows, marshes, swamps, and shorelines in North America. It attracts butterflies, songbirds and other migratory birds. Wild Geranium: Blooms of pale pink, deep pink and lilac bloom from April through May. A notably graceful plant. When selecting plants using this list, remember that a number of factors determine the suitability of a plant for a particular location. Tough Plants For Shade. OhioNativeGrowers.org is a resource designed to bring the buying public in contact with these growers. Plant roots require oxygen in order to function. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Erutuon, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic). The Ostrich Fern is a grand, native plant from the Eastern American woodlands. Obedient Plant: This plant with tubular flowers blooms from June to  September. Is drought tolerant. If you'd prefer a shrub with golden bark, consider the yellow-twig dogwood (Cornus sericea 'Flaviramea'). Gayfeather: The plant has upright blazing spikes bearing pinkish-purple tassels in July and August. Throughout Ohio there are many unique, small nurseries and garden centers devoted to growing and/or marketing Ohio native plants. White Wood Aster: The delicate, airy clouds of white wood aster bloom in late summer and early fall. Bottlebrush Buckeye (Aesculus parviflora) – This is one of my favorite accent shrubs. areas of full sun, partial shade and full shade with several soil types), parse the site into separate zones with similar conditions and generate a separate list for each zone. Wild Lupine: Fragrant, pea-like, blue to violet flowers bloom n late spring. The following perennials perform well in moist to wet soils. Black-eyed Susan is an easy-to-grow perennial featuring golden, daisy-like flowers with black centers. Chipmunks feed on seeds. Hardy, native wetland plants aren't always easy to find at nurseries. 10′ tall x 15′ wide. Many native and naturalized plants have evolved to grow in wet soil, so they are effective landscaping solutions for areas with drainage issues. 10 Plants for Wet Areas (Moisture Loving Plants) These are some plants for wet areas and moisture-loving plants that will get your landscape noticed. Make sure your plant has adequate moisture; even a bit of standing water is fine. It is tough, doesn't spread aggressively and its floral display comes in fall when other plants have passed their prime. This plant is native to swamps, bogs, and damp thickets. The stalks are leafy and the flowers are produced in clusters. It is the sole host plant for the Karner blue butterfly. Here are just some plants that can take moist conditions. If you have a wet spot in your yard, you may want to add plants to absorb some of the excess water. Some moisture loving plants thrive in standing water and others tolerate soggy, poorly drained areas of your garden. The list shown below includes such plants. Deer resistance was compiled from a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage was complied by landscape professionals  Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Cooperative Extension personnel and Master Gardeners in Northern N.J. But another possible route is simply to use plants that prefer to live in wet areas. Under the right conditions, these shrubs can reach around 6 to 15 feet tall with a 4- to 12-foot spread. Silver maple requires full to partial sun and grows in almost any type of soil, although it prefers wet areas such as flood plains and riverbanks. It bears fragrant mauve flowers in the summer that tend to attract butterflies. They also attract butterflies.Sun: Full to partial. Tatarian dogwood, also known as red-twig dogwood, is ideal for use in a rain garden, as it prefers consistently moist soil. Bee Balm flowers are brilliant additions to late-summer herb gardens and flower borders, according to garden.org. Some well known plants, widespread in wild areas, are actually exotics which have made themselves at home. More information is available at the Native Plant Society of Northeast Ohio,  the Ohio Landscape Association and plantnative.org. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/20). Comments: This is a drought-tolerant plant. When planted in groups it can provide spectacular flowering and architectural height. We grow and sell native plants and seeds for the Cincinnati, Ohio tristate area. This tree is a remarkable option for broad and open areas in your landscape. This shrub can reach 8 to 10 feet in both height and spread, and it's valued for its red bark. Wetlands, also known as marsh, bogs, and swamps, serve several important purposes in Ohio’s landscape. The plant reaches around 1 to 1.5 feet in height and spread. It reaches around 3 to 8 feet tall with a 4- to 6-foot spread. Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) The nectar of the flowers attracts bees, bee butterflies and hummingbirds. Plants marked with an * are more tolerant of very wet or periodically flooded conditions. These include poultices for boils and lacerations, as well as tea infusions for headaches, indigestion and colds and flu. Wet soil trees are a great way to help soak up excess water in your yard. The plant is a milkweed and at he end of blooming the flowers are followed by green pods that open to release silky "parachutes" to drift away on autumn winds. It not only tolerates wet soil, but it also grows well in shade. Comments: Columbines will readily multiply once established. Comments: False sunflower care is minimal. The hot, humid summers and moderate precipitation of the state provide ideal conditions for these native shrubs when grown in the home garden. Comments: Penstemon is sometimes commonly called beard tongue because the sterile stamen has a tuft of small hairs. 5. The interest in native gardening is increasing, so check with your local nursery to determine what's available and which plants are best suited to your landscape needs. Less common visitors include hummingbirds and large butterflies. Blue False Indigo (Baptisia australis) Blue False Indigo: Blue spikes of pea-shaped flowers bloom in … It typically grows in moist to wet locations along streams, springs and swamps. The database also combed through those results to … Even those listed as shade plants or drought-tolerant plants benefit from supplemental watering when rainfall is lacking. As a small, startup native tree and shrub nursery ourselves (www.riversidenativetrees.com) we knew the difficulty of getting the word out about our product. Landscaping with local plants can be a lower-cost alternative to sod or planting annuals. Yellow Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum), 15 Best Zone 7 Plants to Put In Your Garden, 15 Best Zone 8 Plants to Put In Your Garden, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, 30 Easy-to-Grow Perennials for Beginning Gardeners, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping, 11 Great Fragrant Trees for Your Landscape. Butterflies, hummingbirds, bees, and other nectar-seeking creatures covet the tubular flowers on the plant's rounded flower heads. Wet Soil Native Seed Mixes are designed for areas that contain high water tables all year long. Smooth Penstemon: The white or light-pink-tinted, tubular flowers on branching, hollow stalks bloom in early summer. Ox-Eye Sunflower: This is one of the shortest of the sunflowers. But it also has some tolerance for dry soil. They are also all native. Michele Dorsey Walfred, Creative Commons (2.0 Generic). Give your plants some afternoon shade during the hottest part of the year. And prune it as needed in the late winter. It attracts bees and hummingbirds. Like most ferns, this one prefers a cool, moist spot and will spread and thrive in any wet, shady area of the garden. The traditional suburban lawn, on average, has 10x more chemical pesticides per acre than farmland. The dark green foliage turns maroon colored in the fall. Following is a partial list of native plants. It attracts butterflies and bees. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Comments: Has an unusual flower shape, blazing star sends up erect spires of usually magenta, sometimes white flowers. Comments: Growing marsh marigold plants in moist woodlands and near ponds is simple and marsh marigold care is easy to nonexistent. Comments: Attracts butterflies and beneficial insects. To encourage new growth, prune about a quarter of the old stems in the early spring each year. Bright orange flower clusters bloom in mid- to late-summer. In the spring, it bears showy white blooms that give way to small black berries, which attract birds. All plants need a little TLC when getting established. Aaron Carlson, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic). And under the right conditions, they can be aggressive spreaders. Mulch a two-foot diameter circle around each plant 2 to 3 inches deep with wood chips, straw, or leaves. These shrubs generally need minimal pruning, but any shaping should be done in the early spring before seasonal growth begins. Inkberry also is native to eastern North America, where it’s often found surrounding swamps and bogs. It blooms from midsummer to early autumn. In the wild, these plants grow in wet woodlands and along bodies of water. Cardinal flowers bloom during summer and sometimes into fall. Prune your plants to shape them in the early spring before new growth starts. Characteristic Ohio Plant Species for Wetland Restoration Projects v. 1.0 Ohio EPA Technical Report WET/2007-1 Ted Strickland, Governor Chris Korleski, Director State of Ohio Environmental Protection Agency P.O. Thus, it’s an ideal plant for shade gardens and around ponds. In the wild, they’re typically found along streams and swamps and in low woodland areas. This trait causes them to use up much of the water in their vicinity, which may be enough to dry the surrounding area out enough so that other plants that are not as adapted to wet soil can survive. And its large leaves are an interesting dark purple with some green tones. Instead, many gardeners opt for offsets from mature plants. During summer it produces long, fragrant flower spikes that tend to attract butterflies and bees. The bright color and the sweet nectar attract many species of hummingbirds. They'll grow where many other plants won't, and they'll absorb water runoff. It is a native wildflower that typically occurs in open woods, prairies, fields, and roadsides. If you want to get started with five of the best perennials for Ohio gardens, begin here. Comments: Named for the vivid red color of a Roman Catholic cardinal's robe, they grow best in morning sun and afternoon shade. UFORA, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic), Ox-Eye Sunflower (Helianthus occidentalis). Drought tolerant and mildew resistant. Witch Hazel Tree. The  seeds are a source of nutrients for songbirds. Also, be sure to promptly remove root suckers to prevent unwanted spreading. Somewhat tolerant of poor soils, Tolerant of summer heat and humidity. This evergreen shrub can reach around 5 to 8 feet in height and spread, and it produces black berries in the early fall if plants of the opposite sex are growing near one another. It blooms in March and April. Comments: The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract primarily bumblebees. Black chokeberry is a deciduous bush that grows to around 3 to 6 feet in height and spread. Swamp Milkweed:  Considered one of the most beautiful of native perennials with clusters of upturned pink flowers that bloom in July and August. If there's a drainage problem in your yard, you might install a dry creek bed or a French drain. Plants cannot tolerate extremely wet sites because soil that is completely full of water has no room for air. Horsetail plants can tolerate a variety of conditions, including those where the soil is wet. Box 1049, Lazarus Government Center, 50 W. Town Street, Columbus, Ohio 43216-1049 Comments: Blue vervain is a traditional medicinal herb, with the roots, leaves or flowers used to treat conditions. Wet zone is approximately 10′ wide and has a 1-3′ rise on either side and a drop of approximately 7′ over 220′ from east to west. Comments: Flowers give way to distinctive, beaked seed capsules which give rise to the common name of crane's bill. Helping the Climate: Landscaping with native plants can combat climate change. It blooms from mid-summer to fall. Small, white, daisy-like flowers with yellow centers fade to red flower atop dark green to black stems. Many trees that grow in wet areas will use large amounts of water. They can even grow in a bit of standing water. Ohio goldenrod is great for a flower border. Comments: Goldenrod is not the cause of hay fever or other pollen allergies. Richards, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic). It can adapt to various types of soil, as long as you keep it evenly moist. But, the plants listed below have adapted to tolerate, and even like, wet soil for 6-8 hours or more. These plants attract butterflies and hummingbirds.Sun: Full. Arrowwood viburnum also features showy white blooms in the late spring, as well as dark blue berries. So make sure to promptly and completely remove rhizomes (underground stems that send up new shoots) from where you don’t want them. Comments: The seed pod is up to two inches long, hairy, shaped like a typical pea pod, and turns black when mature. It received its common name because its leaves make a squeaking noise when you rub them between your fingers. Comments: The plant requires little attention to produce tall, spiky flowers that resemble those of the snapdragon. Pussy willow is a wetland shrub found growing throughout North America in meadows and swamps and along streams and lakes. Ohio native plants have adapted over thousands of years to our local weather conditions and can survive both wet and dry spells with less maintenance than other non-native plants. Attracts birds, butterflies, bees and beneficial insects. Culver's Root: White to pale lavender flowers bloom in early to mid-summer.The blooming period usually lasts about a month. The shrub can reach around 3 to 12 feet in height and spread. Want to plant a rain garden? The wet soggy areas have pH’s ranging from 5.5 to 6.2 and the higher areas average 6.5 to 7.0 pH. Of the remaining 25% (more than 700 non-native plants), fewer than 100 are known to be problems in natural areas. Fritz Flohr Reynolds, Creative Commons (2.0 Generic). Azucena Ponce/USFWS Creative Commons (2.0 Generic). Good for wildlife, such as birds and butterflies, Cost less and saves time due to lower maintenance requirements, rated according to their resistance to deer damage. The hillsides, forests and wetlands of Ohio are home to an array of native shrubs. Check the lists of native plants here. Its foliage turns a reddish-purple in the fall. 1 – Ferns Others are wet. Comments: Edible leaves - the leaves and flowers can be made into tea. You can grow the plant from seed, though it might take around five years to flower. Its showy yellow-orange flowers, which bloom in the early summer, are similar to daisies. Blue False Indigo: Blue spikes of pea-shaped flowers bloom in late spring and early summer. Comments: This tapered flower with soft spikes looks like elegant candelabra. F.D. If your site has many different existing conditions (i.e. The bell-shaped flowers attract hummingbirds. Read on to learn more about these plants. Joshua Mayer, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic). Each pod contains two to several seeds. Wondering What to Plant in That Wet Area? Flowering and form are best, however, in partly shaded sites where plants have three hours or so of sun. Some areas are hot and dry. Common in the Northeast, Andropogon virginicus, broomsedge, is a native clumping warm season grass that grows best in relatively infertile soil conditions which makes it a great choice for the dry compacted banks of stormwater basin... [ More Info ] If you’re looking for a tall plant for a sunny rain garden, consider Joe Pye weed. Most plants do not do well in these conditions and wet spots can lead to rot and other diseases. Our native plants and seeds are produced locally. It is attractive to butterflies. The species contained in these mixes will grow well in high moisture landscapes. Thus, it prefers to grow in loamy, moist, acidic soil, and it can tolerate poor drainage. If you are looking for plants that absorb a lot of water, the following ten plants are a great choice. And deer are uninterested in them. It attracts beneficial insects, songbirds, migratory birds and butterflies. This shrub can reach around 6 to 10 feet in height and spread. When selecting perennials, it's important to choose plants that are suitable for the site. Cardinal flowers grow best in rich soil and prefer consistent moisture. These plants work well around water features in the garden, especially on the margins of ponds. Plants That Tolerate Wet Areas. Patrick Standish, Creative Commons (2.0 Generic). Comments: Native to most of North America, it often is cited for its historical medicinal applications among indigenous peoples. It  was used by early American colonists as a dye plant. Prune them in the late winter or early spring as needed. Comments: Blooms throughout the summer. Sun: Full. All rights reserved (About Us). The foliage is an important food and breeding source for butterflies. Birds and small mammals enjoy the seeds. Candle like blooms appear in midsummer. The following native perennials perform well in moist to wet soils in partial to full sun. It spreads rapidly. The flowers and leaves are edible and can be made into tea. After you make your selection, press submit to see the viable species list. Wendy Cutler, Creative Commons (2.0 Generic). Columbine:  It blooms in a variety of colors during spring. They reach around 2 to 4 feet tall with a 1- to 6-foot spread. Attracts other beneficial pollinators and hummingbirds. Tolerates heat, drought and a wide range of soils except poorly-drained wet ones. Its green leaves turn to shades of red, orange, and yellow in the fall. rockerBOO, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic), Cardinal Flower: Tall spikes of brilliant red, trumpet-shaped flowers. CLEVELAND, Ohio - Planting a garden? The flowers are followed by seed pods which split open when ripe releasing silky-haired seeds easily carried by the wind. We sell pure natives of the Cincinnati area, native plants that would grow here naturally, not cultivars of native plants. Wood Poppy:  This plant is known for its large, poppy-like, yellow flowers. Numerous seeds are released after each capsule splits apart. HGTV.com showcases colorful plants for wet soil, including canna, bee balm, butterfly weed, fern, cardinal flower, hibiscus and meadow rue. The perennials are not just wildflowers; they adorn gardens and attract butterflies, bees and hummingbirds. Great Blue Lobelia: This plant blooms at the end of summer. Marsh marigolds reach around 1 to 1.5 feet in height and spread. Prune any damaged, dead, or diseased foliage in the late winter or early spring. Thrives in all but the most poorly drained soils. Considering adding some of Ohio's native perennials, vibrant colorful plants that bloom from spring through fall. And they’re an excellent choice for growing around a pond. By choosing native plants for your landscaping, you are not only helping wildlife, but you are creating a healthier place for yourself, your family, and your community. It grows to around 2 to 2.5 feet in height and spread and features showy blue-violet blooms in the late spring. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Comments: Shortly afterward, the flowers are replaced by ovoid seed capsules about one inch long. Although this plant prefers full sun, it might need some afternoon shade during hot weather. The flowers are hardy and require minimal maintenance. Zones 5 – 9. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. They reach around 2 to 4 feet tall with a 1- to 2-foot spread. Butterfly Weed: As the name indicates, this plant attracts many varieties of butterflies, especially monarchs. This is the section to find the perfect amount of seed mix for your area.

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